Tohoku University, Japan
(Relevant to my collaboration with Germany)
The general meaning of an “international collaboration in science” is explained by these advanced words: global science, global networks, global co-authorships, global interaction, global conference, global sharing, and spreading global hand for helping on different disciplines of science and technologies etc.
Though there is no political institution organizing the sciences on an international level, a self-organized, global network had formed in the late 20th century. It has been found that international collaborations are being doubled from 1990 to 2005. While collaborative authorships within nations have also risen.
This is the century of getting revolution in the world due to the different fields of sciences. If the researchers and scientists of any well developed countries have proudly announced that they are eligible enough to carry out any sorts of revolutionary changes in the field of science, they have initiated to deteriorate their countries themselves. So for getting several supports and ideas, all the countries if possible must be the member of the international collaboration. Any one can analyze that, international collaboration improves all the countries of the world by applying a range of tools including social network analysis and factor analysis, to expose the network.
There has been a rapidly growing literature discussing the increase in international linkages in science. Authors have been approaching the questions from three perspectives: 1) scientific analysis of the increase in the interconnectedness. 2) Social sciences analysis of collaboration in general and international linkages in particular and 3) policy analysis of the implications of linkages for funding and outcomes. The increase in investment in research and development from governments and non-governmental organizations (such as the World Bank) is for using science as a tool to aid development and for contributing to the diffusion of capacity into the collaborating countries. Scientific collaboration may lead to a range of outcomes such as publication of co-authored articles is one of these outputs.
Collaboration in the technology sector refers to a wide variety of tools that enable groups of people to work together. Collaboration encompasses both asynchronous and synchronous methods of communication and serves as an umbrella-term for a wide variety of software packages. Perhaps the most commonly associated form of synchronous collaboration is web conference using tools such as WebEX or Microsoft Live Meeting but the term can easily be applied to instant messaging as well.
According to the available information, at the global level, the network of interactions is shown to be very strong and highly interconnected. Above figure illustrates the association of all the countries of the world in 2000. The main point is that science is a highly interconnected network, with a dense core and a number of periphery countries.
Thus international collaboration seems one of the important tools for making revolutionary change in the world by developing and introducing the multidisciplinary fields.